If you want to learn everything you need to know about paleo diet, a new way to eat, you cannot miss this video. Lets get on with it. Today we want to talk you about the paleo diet or paleolithic diet, a new way to eat based on the theory that we are genetically adapted to eat the food it proposes, that is to say, its followers claim it is the diet we are adapted as a species. The really important thing about the paleo diet is not what you eat, but what you do not eat. Legumes, cereals and dairy products are removed, but also are vegetable refined oils and salt. And you may be wondering “what can I eat then?” There is food left like fruit, vegetables, meat, fish, shellfish, eggs, tubers and nuts. There are many opinions regarding to the paleo diet, and specifically two of them are wrong; firstly, it is not a low-carbohydrates diet as it is thought, as there are tribes whose contribution of carbohydrates exceeds 90%, and it is not a meat-based diet, because, again, there are tribes whose vegetable feeding is higher than 95% . Something also important is that there is no paleo diet as such, but the protein, carbohydrate and fat percentages vary depending on the geographic location and the cultural habits of those who follow it. All that said, lets see the pros and cons of this way to eat. Its defenders argue that our genes adapted to eat the food the paleo diet proposes, because the neolithic revolution happened about 10.000 years ago, and until then our species evolved consuming food in which paleo diet is based. The wheat, which is removed in paleo diet, contains many kinds of different proteins, which affect the way we process carbohydrates, our immune system, the bacteria of our gastrointestinal tract… In addition, lots of cereals contain antinutrients that damage the intestinal mucosa, promoting diseases in people susceptible of suffering them. Compared to the Mediterranean diet there were similar weight losses, but there were found bigger losses on the waist circumference by following the paleo diet. The paleo diet also produced a significant decrease in tryglicerides, which are the way in which the cells store fats. As many of the foods of the paleo diet have a very low quantity of calories, no hunger is almost suffered, which may be a long-term adherence factor which means we will be able to follow this diet longer without leaving it. Paleo diet is actually a mediterranean diet where cereals are changed for tubers, fruits and vegetables, and this diet would be more accepted if people knew this. Several researches have found who ate 2 – 3 whole grain servings decreased very much their infart attacks probability and their type 2 diabetes. There is no point on rejecting foods with a high nutritional value like oat, which has beta-glucans able to help us reduce our colesterol levels, or legumes, which are a source of iron, phosphorus and fiber among other nutrients. Paleo diet’s sustainability is very low; for common people it’s very hard to stop eating bread, rice and pasta, because they are usual foods in our gastronomy and in our geographic location. The meat of our ancestors, which came from wild animals and had no additives nor preservatives is not even similar than the meat we eat today. Lastly, we do not know how much influence had food in our ancestors. We also should keep in mind the quantity of exercise they did, the lack of pollution, the stress diferences… In summary, we have seen that paleo diet has got both pros and cons. Although it is true that actually the diabetes and obesity rates have been increased, these increases happened the last 50 years, thus maybe this is more likely due to an excessive caloric consumption and an increment in processed food than to an intake of the foods the agriculture and animal breeding provide to us. We only need to take a look at the India, because, although they are the largest legume consumers, their obesity rate is about 2%. We hope you enjoyed the video and suscribe if you want to know more about nutrition and sport issues. See you next time.