HOW TO: Make DIY fish food – Best recipe – DISCUS FOOD


Hi, everybody Joey here again, and welcome back so in today’s video I’m going to show you guys how [to] make Do-it-yourself fish food [now] [the] reason of what prompted this video was very simple when I was writing my new book I included do-it-yourself fish food and when writing it. I realized that. There’s so much I never talked about on video now while I won’t be able to cover it all in one video I will certainly be giving you as much information as I can Now the information that I’m going to be providing in this video is actually what I have been using to feed my fish Exclusively for the last two years for example I’ve been feeding this to all of my [disqus] including adults breeding pairs and fry as well as every size in between now given the [fact] that I believe in it so much, I thought it was necessary to Reveal exactly how I do it now I will break this video down into five parts Understanding what fish need in their diets and how they use it possible ingredients and their values Color Enhancers how to actually make the food and how much and how often defeat it? So let’s get started now before considering making your own food the most important Factor to consider is to Understand what fish require and what dowhat? To find the requirements in so let’s keep this simple [a] complete diet for your fish should consist of protein carbohydrates fats Vitamins and Minerals now protein can be considered the building blocks of Growth Protein is most often covered in fish food by using meat of or flesh of other animals now how much? Protein of fish needs can really be broken down to what type of fish it is Now to keep things simple and to create a rule of thumb. We can break them into three classes Herbivorous omnivores and carnivores fish now herbivores fish require a lot more plant protein than animal protein so what I like to do is one part meat into one and a half parts vegetables omnivores fish are kind of [in-between] Herbivores and carnivores meaning that they basically eat just about anything [however], [I] like to do them with two parts meat and one part veggies now when it comes to Carnivorous fish Obviously, they need a lot more animal protein in their diet So [I] like to use three parts meat and one part vegetables now since we can’t actually Analyze the fish food in a lab type setting we will use those percentages and ratios As a general rule [of] thumb [to] go by of course you can manipulate and change them as you’ve seen fit now Carbohydrates, typically come in the form of starches and sugars and these are an inexpensive source of energy for fish diets although it is not Necessarily needed due to fish being able to extract and use energy from other Ingredients it still needs to be mentioned fats are actually [High-energy] Nutrients that can be used in place of protein when looking for an energy source by the fish [fats] actually produce twice the amount of Energy as proteins and carbohydrates Now remember being told to eat your vegetables The reason being is simple. They are packed full of vitamins now vitamins are organic compounds Necessary in the diet for normal fish growth and health they must be supplied in the diet minerals are Inorganic Elements Necessary in the diet for normal body functions, so we now know what our fish need to flourish on a proper diet So let’s now take a look at a big reason that a lot of us consider making our own Food [if] you’re like me, I want my [fishes] colors to pop I want them to display in the most Vivid coloration possible. I want my fish to be all they can to understand How we can enhance a fish’s coloration. We must first understand Why they are the color they [are] in the first place now. There are three? Of the biggest contributors to a fish’s coloration the first being genetics Genetics will Determine whether fish has the genetic material necessary to show a certain color Second is diet. Now some [of] the food that a fish eats can directly or indirectly influence a fish’s color Finally there’s environment the last thing that will affect coloration is the fish’s mood in General health a sick fish will Probably be less colorful than a healthy one obviously an aquarium with pristine water quality will most likely display fish with Vivid color a sheen then say for example a dirty aquarium the sex of a fish can also have a huge influence on their coloration and Can the dominance of a fish [no] obviously the best we can do for genetics and environment is? Picking a healthy and well shaped fish and then placing them into a well balanced and healthy aquarium We cannot influence a fish to show color that as jetix are not Predetermined to however if [that] genetic material is not within the fish Then that color is not going to show in the fish no matter what we do what we can do is Influence the already present colors in the fish with their diet now we can do this with all natural and healthy color Enhancer So now that we understand what a fish needs and how they interact with the fish we can now look at what ingredients We can use that will cover those needs when considering a source for protein in a fish food We need to not [only] consider the values of that source, but we also need to consider its availability as well as its cost So while there are always better ingredients? We can use there’s really no point to doing it if it’s have always a struggle to find it And it’s not affordable to use now beef heart has been a staple and do-it-yourself fish food for a very long time It’s cheap Commonly available and has a high protein content the downside is that it comes from a mammal now due to this its fat Has a high melting now this means that fish cannot actually Metabolize that mammal fat so it actually gets stored in the fish’s organs causing health problems down the road [so] we need to remember if we’re going to use beef heart. We need to remove all fat and anything That is not meat as much as possibe fart is still a good ingredient though due to its high protein content and low fat content [fish] also readily [accepted] beef heart is actually about 18% protein now what that means is for every hundred grams of beef heart? There’s about 18 grams of protein beef heart is also high in iron now Iron is a meat is a mineral needed to carry oxygen from the gills of the fish Throughout the rest of the fish’s body iron also helps the fish’s muscles store and use oxygen Beefheart is actually also high in Vitamin B. Now Vitamin B All Vitamin B’s help to convert food into energy Another source of protein that I like to use is fish fill it now fish fill it is Simply just the Flesh of a fish this Ingredient is more consistent with what a fish would actually come in to contact with in the wild for their diet Adding fish to the diet is actually a wise choice But with so many different types and species of fish available at your supermarket, which one should you be [using] well? We want to stay away [from] oily fish because they pollute the water too much my favorite fish to use is tilapia It’s commonly available and usually the cheapest as well now fish actually cost more per pound than [beefheart] though Now tilapia is [25%] protein and very low in fact Tilapia is not only very high in protein but also relatively high in Omega 3 and 6 fatty acid they are essential [for] the overall health [of] the fish with many benefit Tilapia is also a good source [of] phosphorus and potassium both essential minerals these minerals regulate Osmotic balance and help with bone Formation and strength now market shrimp is also a good source of protein and a good fish food ingredient It is commonly available, but not very cheap, but that will depend on the season that you’re buying it in now Fish will also take to it. Very nicely as well We’ll want to make [sure] that we buy it in either frozen or raw we do not want to buy it and cooked shrimp contains 20% protein and half the fat of beef heart it is also an excellent source of both potassium and some calcium egg Yolk is actually another good ingredient, not only due to its content But its [ability] to help bind all of the ingredients together egg yolk is actually [16%] protein and it’s very high in vitamins and minerals like Vitamin B12 however we don’t want to use too many egg. Yolks due to the downside of it Which is it’s actually high in fat, so ultimately we’re not going to use it as a main ingredient We’re just going to use it for its protein content But mainly due to its binding ability now because we’re only going to use so little of it We’re not really going to consider its other nutritional values now These are my four favorite sources of meat while there are many other choices these will give you a basic idea now Carbohydrates are stored as a glycogen that can be used to satisfy energy demands and fish fish food high in carbohydrates is generally being used as a filler giving the food more volume and Getting more out of your mix however the only fillers that I would consider adding to a fish food is something like oats Or wheat germ now these are both very high in carbohydrates however They’re also pretty high in protein for example [oats] are approximately 66 percent Carbohydrates with 17 percent protein however. [I] find that fish are not very fond of it nor Do you really need to use it given the fact that we’re going to be making an awful lot of food I like to make sure that my Do-it-yourself fish food is as high of quality as possible with no extra fillers and nothing that’s not necessary now Good sources of fat Have already been listed in our protein content which would be the tilapia and shrimp So we don’t really have to worry [about] any adding any extra fats When it comes to vitamins we can group them into two groups? Both water soluble and fat soluble vitamins when it comes to vitamins the foods we’ve listed already in terms of the protein ones Already have some vitamins in them however We’re going to also be using Vegetable Manner which have a ton of vitamins in them now out of all the foods that we’re going to be using vitamins are going to be present in a variety and Quantity enough to sustain any fish now when it comes to vegetables my four favorite vegetables to use our green peas Spirulina spinach and romaine lettuce [now] these four are going to be jam-packed with both vegetable proteins as well as Vitamins and Minerals I consider these four ingredients Superfoods and an absolute must in any do-it-yourself fish if you have to pick just one it’s going to have to be spare [Alena] It’s extremely high in protein with at least 60% vegetable protein and very high in many Minerals and vitamins Peas are going to play a close second now minerals are already going to be present in the food listed that we’ve already talked about However fish actually have the ability to absorb minerals through the water with their gills as well as our skin So this will make up for any lack of minerals in their diets. This is just another reason why water changes are so Important as it constantly replenishes the minerals that fish are using in the water When it comes to color enhancers the substance that influenced the fish coloration the most is called Carta Noids Now cards are actually pound produced by Plants algae And some fungi almost all fish do not produce carta noids on their own so they need to get it from somewhere In order to show their coloration. [they] will do this by what getting it from whatever they eat Let’s take a look at a classic example of how a diet can influence color a basic market shrimp When you cook them they turn pink or when you catch them fresh. They’re pink Etc They are pink, but why are they pink well [shrimpie] eat algae and Bacteria? That algae and Bacteria that they eat contains something called a stack seein a stack Seein is a cart annoyed now the shrimp consumed those Bacterias and Algie’s and that is what turns a shrimp pink now. Let’s take a look at a flamingo What turns them well their main diet in the wild is actually shrimp the astac see and present in the shrimp from eating those Algie’s and Bacteria are then ingested in by the flamingos in turn turning the flamingos feathers pink So what if we wanted to turn our fish pink or pinker or even redder should we just feed them shrimp? Well you could but you’d [have] to feed an awful Lot of shrimp to them and the difference would barely be noticeable Or would it make more sense to just jump right to the source [a] stack seein now obviously as pre Mentioned the fish or whatever animal you’re trying to influence the color of has to be Predisposition to that color within their genetics, so if cart nodes are primarily responsible for influencing a fish’s color Should we just add them directly to the mix? Yes so let’s take a look at the cart annoyed that are responsible for Influencing the main fish colors for red and pink [s] [axion] is probably the most widely used Cart annoyed in fish food get your closest kin of fish food turn it over look at the back [I] bet it’s going to be listed there [as] facts ian Is widely regarded as the king of cards due to its potency as pre mentioned? It’s actually produced by Marine algae and Bacteria And you can actually get it at a lot of health food stores in the form of a powder now a stack [seein] powder is Not just a great color enhancer or in my opinion the best you could probably use, but it’s also a great antioxidant when it comes to Orange Coloration [the] One of the best color enhancers you can you actually use is Paprika now Paprika is just made from a ground dried pepper now Paprika is actually high in a carton [oeid] called Betta Carotene now betta Carotene might sound familiar to a lot of you guys because it’s actually the reason why carrots are orange [when] it comes to yellow coloration Z-Axes inand Lutein are the most widely known yellow cards now these are actually going to be found in less popular fish Foods like Maize and Yellow Bell peppers it’s actually also found in Egg yolks For blue and green Coloration we can use Spirulina now although This is not a carton [Oeid] has actually been found that it does have an impact on those colors Now obviously we’re not going to add all of these ingredients to our fish food however It’s been found that fish that consume as vaccean embed a carotene will intensify their color regardless of what color they are the Fish will still Metabolize those cards and use them so it would be wise to add one of them if anything else So now that we know a lot more [about] the fish Ingredients what they do, and how much to use we can now look at actually making it now in this example [I’m] going to show [you] how to mix it all together and how to prepare it [for] your fish food now This mix is what I’m using to feed my discus, and I feed over 200 discus with it I’ve been feeding it [to] them exclusively for over two years now those ingredients alone are really all I really need to add they cover my proteins my minerals my Carbohydrates my fats and my vitamins for my color enhancer. I’m going to be adding two teaspoons of a stack see For a binder I’ll be using Egg yolks Now this gives me everything that I’m going to need using nothing, but fresh ingredients since peas are such a superfood [I] strongly believe that they belong in any do-it-yourself fish food regardless of what fish you’re feeding however They are extremely difficult to peel when you have to peel so many we can’t feed them with the skins on and peeling them Individually would take hours so what I do is I buy 100% organic baby food peas now basically all that is is peeled peas and water Nothing else the water in the peas helps with the consistency of the food you can get so many different vegetables this way And they are just as good yet already blended the first thing you’re going to want [to] do is prepare your meats [we’ll] need to blend them up into a fine puree So cutting them up into small chunks is going to make them a lot more manageable when it comes to be fired for example There’s so much on the beef heart that you don’t want in [your] fish food We want to make [sure] that we not only cut out all the fats But we also want to cut out cut out everything else that’s not meat when it comes to be fair You’re going to be really surprised with just how much of [that] is not meat There’s a lot of fat as well as arteries within the beef heart you’ll want to make [sure] that you cut it Absolutely all of it out now having said that What I suggest doing when purchasing your beef heart is buy twice as much as you think you’re going to need now You can move on to the shrimp now if you purchased your shrimp Frozen what I suggest doing is just floating them in your sink and cold water and letting them Thaw slowly you’ll then have to peel off their shells Because those shells are not going to mix well into the actual fish food with the tilapia [filat] It’s the same thing we’re going to want to make sure it’s thawed out Completely before using it from their cut them into more manageable chunks now since your peas are already in a container and they’re already pureed you don’t have to do anything for those as for your if Using spinach or romaine lettuce I’m using spinach in this example what I do is boil some water And I boil the spinach for about 30 Seconds this softens them up enough so that I could blend them a lot easier Your spirulina is just a powder and it can be mixed in when you’re ready So far everything that I’ve listed can be purchased at your local supermarket, however Spirulina You can buy it online or you can go to a local health food store and see if they carry it the same goes for your ass vaccine powder from Here I like to individually blend the ingredients Up I start off with [the] beefheart blending that up move on to the shrimp and then the tilapia [I] make sure that they’re [all] blended up easily doing a little bit at a time to make sure that they are thoroughly blended Once everything is blended up. I add it all to a bowl and mix it together [I] then add in my spare [Alina] powder as well as mayest axion and my eGg yolks [so] obviously you’re going to need to have a blender for this job I also like to [use] an extra hand blender to make sure that once that all the ingredients are [mixed] together [I] can go ahead and thoroughly mix it again so with all of your ingredients now mixed and blended Together if they are now ready to be packaged I like to package them in ziploc sandwich bags all I have to do is scoop out approximately 90 grams into each sandwich bag and Then flatten them out with some form of a cart now I say 90 grams because this gives me a nice consistency of about 3 millimeter thickness of the food once it’s in the bag Because of this, it’s much easier to manage and [feed] what we’ll be doing is freezing this food and Once it’s frozen [if] it’s too thick it’s very difficult to snap off and feed to your fish it also takes a long time to thaw in the water if it’s too thick Once I bagged all of the food [its] then frozen when ready to feed I simply snap off a piece or as much as I Need to feed and drop it into the tank now because of its unique thickness It will thaw evenly and quite quickly for your fish to attack now How much you [should] be feeding depends on the fish you keep? However what I suggest doing since this food can [actually] really pollute your water fast is Only feed as much as your fish will consume in about two minutes Obviously your first few attempts are going to be a little ruff however with time. You’ll know exactly how much food your fish can consume Once you have a better idea of how [much] food your fish can consume within a couple of minutes You can start [giving] them a little bit more over time and feed as much as they can consume within three to five minutes So that’s it. I hope you guys enjoyed the video. [I] definitely want to thank you for why?

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Reader Comments

  1. Shubham Tarafdar

    Hi Joey!!!
    In India beef heart is not easily available.. so do give any replacement for beef heart..
    my suggestion, can we use lamb heart instead of beef heart…

    Thanks and do reply asap!!!

  2. Jared Emmanuel Ganesan

    +the diy king in terms of astaxanthin. Is it wrong to use astaxanthin capsules that are made for human consumption? Example half capsule which will be like 5mg for 5 lb beef heart.

  3. Jason Springer

    I love this video and because of it I have now started making my own fish food. Thank you for that and the lessons that go with each ingredient. Keep it up as I really love watching all your videos. That said, I was really distracted by the pronunciations of a couple of the words you used. astaxanthin is pronounced = as ta zan thin or asta zan thin. also zeaxanthin is pronounced as zee ah zan thin. The part that is xanthin is pronounced zan thin. The health food people will look at you cross eyed and giggle at you if you try and pronounce them the way Joey pronounces them but then again he may be coming from a Canadian French pronunciation that I am not aware of. If you doubt the way I express pronunciation, then I invite you to goggle the pronunciation and play it back a few times.

  4. Md Shafiqual Alam

    Hi, this is another nice presentation from you. Very helpful. I have a questions on this. I am also feeding my discus(s) and fry BH mix. Ingredients are same as you advice. Differ is, I usually wash my beefheart using very very hot water just before blending which helps keep water less mass. And also added 1teaspoon of garlic for same meet ratio.
    My question is, m i losing anything for this wash ?

  5. Jay Evangelista

    Hi joey, any suggestion on color enhancement for silver arowana? Also, your first diy food video had gelatin in it, why not include it now?

  6. Adam K

    Beef Heart vs Chicken Breast? apart from Iron, Chicken breast seem to be better, Higher in Protein and lower in Fat.What do you think? Also I cant seem to get Astaxathin Powder here (Australia), will buying the capsules and breaking them open be the same?

  7. Milen Kostadinov

    Hello. I really enjoy watching your videos and your explanations about the food of the fish are actually reminding me of myself teaching people how to cook for themselves. It is another story, however the ingredients are similar 😉

    I have a few questions and eventually suggestions:

    1. Using beef heard is leading to some throw outs (for sure comes still cheaper then buying petstore food though 😉 ). So do you think that if I only clean the fat which is not well digestable because of the fish systems I can blend all the rest together in high power blender (3 hours poweers or more than 2.5-3Kw) blender like Vitamix, Blendtech etc. I am sure it will make it extremely fine and homogenic, however not sure if the heart arteries would cause harm. The way I see it, they should add some benefit as they contain gelatinous compounds and looking in the nature, no fish eats smaller separating its heart or any other organs.

    2. If I replace the beef heart with beef liver which I am certain that contains more proteine as well as way more minerals than the heart do, would that be considered as a nod good idea? For sure noone wants to buy liver from an animal that had heavy vaccines and growth hormons that can either harm the fishes in the tank but also kill them. I am talking about some grass fed beef liver. Eventually if it does not hurt, I can mix 1/2 heart and 1/2 liver to make the mixture more vital and nutrient dense.

    3. I have managed to involve our 3 kids in the fish feeding process, so giving them some frozen food to toss in the aquarium might ruin their desire to continue doing it. So I was thinking to have the food dehydrated and eventually grounded in the form of powder or small chunks depending on the fish size. I know that dehydrating might be messy sometimes, but I am a nutritionist so am used to using my tools I specifically selected for prepping the food ASAP repeatedly with the same results.

    4. Where can one buy the Astaxanthin as I am hearing of this for the first time, but as earlier it was mentioned, it is used on humans too. Hopefully it is not used for changing human skins color though 😉

    So it came a bit long, but I hope you or someone else in the topic would not mind sharing the pros and cons of my idea.

  8. DUSHANTHA PALANSURIYA

    Hi Joey,Pls give us fish receipy for koi and gold fish. Every one looking for this question. Also consider about beef Hart for another ingredient. As a example for use Soybeans etc

  9. SEMZ AY

    thank you so much for find the effort to make this video. it was soo helpful. iv just started looking after fish myself ( guppies/molly/ swordtail.) so its very exciting and colourful. i have a quick question. do i put in the egg yolk boiled or raw?

  10. Red Lazuras

    ive had a betta and 7 neon t's for a week and a half so im definitely a beginner and your videos have been helping me so much with cycling, feeding and everything else so thank you very much.

  11. Michael O'Brian

    Thank you for these videos. If I decide to make my own food for my sword tails, how will I know if enough food will be leftover for my 3 corries?

  12. Joe ghost

    awesome video I definitely leveled up my fish care skills just now.liked and subscribed. I searched for a DIY fish food video because I wanted to feed my first aquaponic fish the best stuff.mission complete.

  13. andy milligan

    you could save a lot of time by just showing us how to make it . your video should be one or two minutes . your video is not very useful , but thanks for trying

  14. Chris Khatibi

    Ok so I made some food, used 1/2 lb green peas, 1.5lb raw shrimp and 1.5lb tilapia. Could not get beef heart. Blended it up and froze it. Discus seem to not like it very much and I attribute that to the peas maybe. Help. How do I change their diet?

  15. Douglas White

    Hi Joey! I was doing some searching online for astaxanthin powder and there are many different percentages in powder form and other MG in pill form. I was wondering what % you used, like 1%, 2.5 or 5 etc…. I am getting ready to make some fish food for my angels/black ghost knife and neons

  16. Mike Palace

    Do you use 2 tablespoons or 2 teaspoons of spirulina and Astaxanthin? You wrote tablespoons (tbs) but say teaspoons (tsp). Thanks!

  17. Daniel Cassar

    Hi joey first of all thanks for the videos!! Can you suggest a replacement for tilapia as locally (in malta) I cant find anything

  18. shneydermane

    Man, I love your style of videos. You don't edit out any stutters at all so it actually feels like I'm there with you, in the room. You're a great inspiration to many.

  19. blackbearburrito

    this is fantastic! I've been thinking about getting some gold dust moray eels in the future and i think this would be the best way to feed them!

  20. ArkTiger4c

    I have caught carp while cleaning them for consumption i noticed some of the females were loaded with eggs …can you use this as a fish food for aquarium fish i know all fish love fish eggs ….but i worry about the bacteria it might contain being wild caught or will freezing kill them ???

  21. Robert Barbella

    Hey JoeyI was told that since my discus are 5-6 inches that they don't need beefheart.They are eating a staple diet of Sera Discus granules.What are your thoughts?

  22. Suhail Abbasi

    Hi..can anyone help me please i have prepared discus food with beefheart shrimps spinach vitamis and garlic..and beefheart was about 1 kg…i added 2 tbs spirulina which makes my food alot gree ..i have 3 blue anf torquoise discus and 2 red discus..i am curious if its ok to feed this food to red discus as well?
    Thanks

  23. Fresh Aquariums

    I just made it without beef heart and astaxanthin. It’s pure green! Hope the fish love it. I doubled the fish amount to make up for the beef heart. I couldn’t get my hands on cheap astaxanthin

  24. Judy Drench

    Joey, you are a wealth of information. Thank you so much. I'm starting up my first discus tank and watching many of your videos. Thank you, and a shame you're on the other side of a vast sea. xx

  25. Tom Neeb

    Am now well into my second full batch of beefheart after following your directions fairly well. I can honestly say my discus and other fish love this better than white worms, or blood worms, or any type of dry food. Thank you for taking the time and effort to making this video!

  26. Neil D

    Great video Joey.. just started DIY food this is the most informative description of what's needed and the reasons for using certain ingredients I've seen… keep up the great work. Thank you..

  27. Afshin v

    hey Joey
    I feed my discus beef heart mix 6 times/day + brine shrimp and granules (they are only 3 inches) and i wanna grow them,
    Everything was fine until I saw a red 0.5 inch worm swirling around in my tank. First i thought it was discus poop but after unplugging the pumps and letting water to calm down, i realized it was a worm.
    now all im thinking about is where did he come from?!
    my tank is a bare bottom tank with some small anubias!
    thanks!

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