Are Gut Bacteria The Reason You Can’t Lose Weight?


Greetings. Eric Bakker, naturopath. Thanks for coming back and checking out my
channel. I often get asked by many people about weight
loss. How can they lose weight? What are some of the secrets of getting weight
off, keeping that weight off, maintaining that weight loss? Do my gut bacteria have anything to do with
it? Does the human microbiome have any effect
on a person’s ability to maintain that weight, especially obese people? Or can it influence a person’s ability to
lose weight and maintain normal weight like someone like me? Well, let’s talk about that. There’s a couple of studies here I’m going
to run by you. These are recent studies from last year, and
even this year, so lots of materials coming out all the time. This stuff’s validating the work I’ve been
doing now for decades. I’ve been telling people now for 20 years
plus that if they get their gut in great shape, that the weight will fall off, and it’s been
validated now. They’re finally starting to find this out
through research done in the Mayo Clinic, and the University of Copenhagen, Harvard
research, research in England, research in Romania, research all around the world now
is validating exactly the stuff that people are saying for a long, long time. So I feel a bit vindicated, which is pretty
cool. Let’s talk about the Mayo 2013 study that
you may be aware of. Some people may have seen this study reported
about the two main groups of bacteria, the Phascolarctobacterium and Dialister bacterium. This was quite a big study that was completed
involving 26 obese adults, so very big adults, over a 90 day period. Basically what they discovered is that one
group of people had a 527 percent greater weight loss in the other group. One group had a massive amount of weight that
was shedding compared to the other group who just couldn’t seem to lose that kind of body
size. When they looked at it, the exercise was the
same for these people over that three month period. The diet was the same. But the difference was the gut bacteria. The group who lost the most amount of weight,
which is a whopping 17.4 pounds, had a large amount of the Phascolarctobacterium in their
gut compared to the other group who lost only 3.3 pounds. They had this bacteria called Dialister bacteria. Dialister bacteria is a bacteria that actually
gobbles up and uses a person’s carbohydrate load that they’re consuming. It’s actually burning up those calories off
that rather than the person burning up the calories. So the food in therefore is not giving the
person any real nourishment, giving them any energy or making them feel good. It’s just basically passing straight through
them which means they’ll eat more and more and more food. Foods have an ability obviously to pile on
the weight if you eat too much of them. The bacteria, remember, can also be mouth
feeders, whereas the Phascolarctobacterium are actually utilizing the food for energy
and giving the person a boost, physically, mentally, emotionally. They’re feeling good eating this food. Now you can see how bacteria can be influenced
by the food you eat and how that in turn, if we extrapolate that, can change your body
size. Even though the diet can be the same, if the
bacteria are different, that weight’s not going to come off. Let’s go further. The University of Copenhagen study that was
done in March last year was a very, very interesting one. 62 people, two groups, group A and B. Group
A were given basically a very healthy Mediterranean diet, the diet that a lot of you guys out
there are probably eating now. The way I eat. Lean protein, small amount of lean proteins,
high quality vegetables and fruits in the diet, nuts and seeds, grains, just high quality
food which I talk about a lot on this channel. That was group A. Group B were put on the
Standard Danish diet, which is similar to the Standard American Diet or the SAD diet. This is high fat, high salt, high sugar, white
bread, lots of margarine, deep fried foods, what I call embalmed foods, basically crap
foods. When they looked at both of these groups,
group A had a weight loss of 7.7 pounds. Group B had a weight loss of 3.7 pounds. Now the interesting thing here is when they
examined group A, they found two types in group A. One group lost a lot of weight which
is a 7.7 pound. One lost less weight, not quite to 3.7 pound,
but not quite to 7.7 pounds. The people who lost the most weight in group
A, had a particular ratio of two main types of bacteria, Bacteroides and Prevotella. This ratio was quite well defined in the person
who lost the most amount of weight. They found multiple people in group A with
a correct ratio of those two bacteria lost the most amount of weight compared to people
in the same group eating the same very healthy food were losing weight but not at the same
rate as the people with that ratio. Now this study points out that in spite of
a good diet, if the bacteria aren’t really there in that place, if you haven’t got good
levels of bacteria, good levels of [inaudible], good levels of Bacteroides, good levels of
Prevotella. You’ve got three big camps of bacteria in
there. If these ratios are good, that’s going to
favor also good ratios of other beneficial bacteria, particularly the lactobacillus,
the bifidobacteria. You’re going to have much high levels of these,
which means you’re going to have better fermentation and better levels of long chain fatty acids. These long chain fatty acids, of course, when
we get these good fatty acids happening in the intestine, it means that all the receptors
are going to work a lot more effectively with hormones that are produced, which manipulate
and regulate our appetite. We’ll talk a lot more about the short chain
fatty acids later on. As you can see now, even eating a good diet
is no guarantee you’re going to get a lot of that weight off. The bacteria have to be in their place. The other thing I like to talk about is metabolic
endotoxemia. This is weird word, isn’t it? When you have bacteria that die in your gut,
it’s a bit like a garbage heap in your gut to be honest. You got all sorts of junk in there, but when
bacteria die, they leave cell fragments behind. Small tiny little carbohydrate portions and
protein portions. Little bits and pieces of cell fragments get
left behind. Also, from yeast will leave cell fragments,
almost like shards of glass, and this needs to be cleaned up. Now with people with a leaky gut, this is
not really going to happen that well. So they’re going to get this stuff called
Lipopolysaccharides, this sort of production of these polysaccharides from these cell fragments,
and that causes what we call metabolic endotoxemia which is a fancy word really for a sick gut,
dysbiotic gut. Now metabolic endotoxemia is what happens
a lot with people who are overweight and obese because they make the wrong food choices,
they make the wrong lifestyle choices. I’m not saying all of them, but many of them
do. This predisposes a person towards a high production
of Lipopolysaccharides which pushes a person into metabolic endotoxemia. One of my good buddies in Australia just got
diagnosed recently with diabetes. Now he’s only the same age as me. Now a guy at 60 shouldn’t get diabetes unless
he’s doing something horribly wrong. In this guy’s case, I think that not really
happy with life at the moment, eating the wrong kind of foods, just not really happy. That can push people into making some poor
choices, which can push a person more into that metabolic endotoxemia. Along with that, we get anxiety, depression,
fatigue, poor sleep, poor libido, poor everything. Everything goes south. That’s when people often head to the doctor. They get put on half a dozen drugs which just
basically puts them in a downward spiral, doesn’t it? That’s what we call metabolic endotoxemia. Now the way to avoid metabolic endotoxemia
is by having a very good diet, eating good foods all the time, trying to work on relaxation
and improving your lifestyle. Trying to be happier person by looking at
things that create a lot of happiness in your life. The fourth point I want to talk about is coming
back to those short chain fatty acids. There are long chain and there are short chain,
but the short chain in particular are very, very important to cultivate in the gut, in
the small and large intestine. Healthy gut flora, when you’ve got … When
I look at stool test results, comprehensive stool test results, and I see three and four
plus of the healthy bacteria, I go straight to the back page and invariably find people
have very high levels or good levels of what we call short chain fatty acids. These are the by products of bacterial fermentation
on good foods. When bacteria in the gut get good foods to
eat … I’m going to talk about this in a subsequent video about the prebiotic foods. When they get these nice foods to eat, they
create a lot of these short chain fatty acids. We’ve got isovalerate, butyrate, propanoate. There are many different types. Propanoate in particular is a very important
one because it has a big effect on multiple hormones in the gut like ghrelin, for example,
and PPYY, Peptide Protein YY which is a very important one there which regulates the brain’s
ability. It switches it on or off for the desire for
food. When you’ve got good levels of propanoate,
it will down regulate your constantly wanting to eat food all the time. They’ve done studies in mice. They’ve done studies in humans, in rats, in
different animals, they’ve known this now to be a fact. In 2017, a very important study was released
pointing directly to propanoate and various hormones that influence our mood when it comes
to food. Again, once again this proves eating healthy
food, creating healthy bacteria in the gut, means you’re going to have a way better chance
of having a good body size. Hope that information is useful for people
who are interested in maintaining good weight like me, particularly as they get older. Thanks for tuning in.

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Reader Comments

  1. SeBz

    Heavy metals are also linked with weight loss issues; as the heavy metal toxicity interferes with the hormones that regulate metabolism.

  2. Dawn Hartung

    So what do I do about it? What specific supplements,vitamins, minerals etc are required? For an elderly, senior lady over 80 lbs overweight?

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